“…..coping strategies used by elite athletes in response to emotional abuse experienced within the coach–athlete relationship. The athletes in this study adopted emotion- and avoidance-focused coping strategies to manage their feelings in the moment that emotional abuse occurred.”

“Over time, athletes accessed support networks and engaged in sense making to rationalize their experiences. The potential of coping-level intervention to develop individual resources and to break the cycle of emotional abuse in sport is highlighted.”

“We suggest that as primary agents of ensuring athlete’s protection, sport psychologists need appropriate safeguarding training.”

E.Kavanagh, L Brown, I Jones
Elite Athletes’ Experience of Coping With Emotional Abuse in the Coach–Athlete Relationship
Journal Of Applied Sport Psychology – Volume 29 #4 – 2017 – page 402